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两个男人收集电子废物

Cleaning up India’s mountains of e-waste

Grassroots startup Karo Sambhav ramps up its quest for responsible recycling

Mustafabad的小巷点缀着墙上的墙壁研讨会,这些车间充满了另一个时代的丢弃的PC和技术装备。电子废物的位和碎片堆积高,彼此均匀地平衡,好像它们是jenga块。访问这个棚户区和其他人在东北新德里就像徘徊在一个场景中墙墙,虽然与人类相处。

现在,一个雄心勃勃的创业公司正在努力通过遵循形式不可能的任务来清理它,以便正常地形成印度的朦胧电子废物经济。

Karo Sambhav意味着在印地语中“成为可能”。它被认为是“运动”的“运动”玩家制造商,分销商,recyclers—to在新的数字解决方案的帮助下,可持续行动并创造循环经济。

“从收集渠道到拆除公司的整个生态系统到利用新产品创造的二级材料的组织,必须合作,”创始人普兰湖唱歌说。“只有这样我们可以在规模上解决问题,因为无法单独解决这个问题。”

印度凭借中产阶级和缩放技术渗透率上升,是世界上最大的电子市场之一。而且它也是世界上最多产的电子废物之一发电机排名third with 3.2 million metric tons annually according to Global E-waste Monitor. It has a poor track record of disposing of used and unwanted electronics with only two percent being recycled.

a man holding a motherboard amid a pile of electronic waste
新德里旧野马巴达地区电子废物收集中心的一名工人Qasim Khan(照片:Microsoft Amit Verma)威廉希尔体育官网

每天都在全国和国外的印度首都大约7,200吨电子废物土地。大多数最终在数百种小型无证商店中,在那里有低薪男女拆除垃圾桌面,笔记本电脑,监视器,智能手机,以及手工各种旧小工具。销售电路板和拔出电缆销售到粗再生操作,其中工人很少或没有保护齿轮的工人使用酸浴以提取有价值的金属。

The scale of the challenge is massive and resistance to the push for sustainability has been high. Within India’s informal economy, scrap collection has been a generational livelihood carried out in much the same way for years. It is a dirty, inefficient, unregulated, and often unsafe trade.

When Karo Sambhav first started to spread the concept of responsible recycling some scrap merchants–known as aggregators–simply shut their doors. Being able to build confidence was crucial so a few of the organization’s field staff moved into homes in neighborhoods where aggregators像样Seelampur in New Delhi or Kurla in Mumbai, India’s financial capital. Eventually relationships were formed.

Suhaib Malik is a third-generation aggregator, one of the hundreds based in Mustafabad. His father and grandfather traded in scrap iron for decades. The 26-year-old ventured into the unknown, but promising, e-waste sector in 2018 when he heard how others were making a lot more money by switching.

Now he is expanding his operation further by doing business sustainably with Karo Sambhav. Working conditions in his shop and his financial bottomline have improved.

“We don’t even have to break down the keyboards anymore,” he says. “We just hand them over as is.” This exempts his workers from hours of harmful labor dealing with toxic waste. Now, every couple of weeks a truck drives in to weigh the electronics and pack them neatly into barcoded gunnysacks to be taken to certified responsible recyclers.

从这个新客户的稳定需求意味着“业务有很大提高了”,Notes Malik,其店铺已经存在的CPU和键盘堆叠在外面NAM 6月Paik.安装。他以新德里约100名较小的经销商来源的电子废物来源,以及大约1000英里远的孟哈尔和西孟加拉邦的东部印度州。2018年,他只有四个来源。

He feels proud that after three generations of being in the scrap business, his family’s enterprise is finally tax-compliant and properly organized as a business.

打开仓库的门,揭示堆积的麻袋装满了电子垃圾
Karo Sambhav在印度新德里的旧Mustafabad附近的电子废物系列中心(照片:Microsoft的Amit Verma)威廉希尔体育官网
一个装满旧笔记本电脑的大袋
电子废物被收集在条形码的麻袋中,以将它们运送到负责任的回收商。(照片:Microsoft的Amit Verm威廉希尔体育官网a)

Mumbai-based Taj Mohammad picked apart scrap in his teens and set up a business a decade ago. He recalls being suspicious when initially contacted by Karo Sambhav.

“起初你总是担心可能有欺诈。他们会采取材料而不是及时支付吗?“他回忆起。“慢慢地,我们开始向他们销售少量废料,这是一个信任。”

有竞争力的价格和及时付款促使他通过这本书发挥并使他的销售额增加到卡罗萨姆比哈夫,与其他有时会让他等待几个月的其他客户定期为他经常向他支付每两周。穆罕默德于去年收集了180多吨旧笔记本电脑和键盘,从2018年出售的50吨。

技术有助于编织透明的Karo Sambhav操作的透明度。当团队从聚合器收集废物发货时,其成员将照片和详细信息升至一个应用程序。此信息安全地托管在Microsoft的Azure云平台上。威廉希尔体育官网

条形码意味着每个项目都在运输过程中占,并在办公室返回,使用Microsoft Azure认知服务的图像识别有助于在卡车上装载的内容来协调聚合器的账单中的细节。威廉希尔体育官网物流卡车是启用GPS的,所以可以跟踪回收商的前进之旅。由于在像Azure这样的安全云上,可以随时跟踪每一块废料 - 从拾取到负责负责的回收。

看照相机的一个人与丢弃的个人计算机组分在前景
Karo Sambhav.is the brainchild of Pranshu Singhal, who envisioned it as “a movement” to get multiple players—manufacturers, distributors, recyclers—to act sustainably and create a circular economy with the help of new digital solutions. (Photo: Amit Verma for Microsoft)

Singhal在Karo Sambhav的成立是终身对环保热情的结果。他拥有瑞典国际工业环境经济学研究所(iiiee)的硕士学位。他也受到了托马斯Lindhqvist的培训,他们创造了“扩展制片人责任”(EPR)的原则,认为,生产者必须承担使用者在消费者完成消费者后与产品发生的事情的责任。

Singhal finds it fascinating that humans are the only species that generate waste. “We turn elements into compounds, components, and then products. But converting those products back into their elementalform—how我们是否创建了该产品系统的第二部分?“在芬兰,新加坡和后来印度的诺基亚,他在诺基亚的Stint期间致力于这个问题。

In 2012 the Indian government introduced new e-waste management rules that oblige companies that release products in the market to also collect those products back for recycling. Five years after that policy change, Singhal felt compelled to launch an outfit that could help producer organizations to go about this expectation transparently.

“直到和除非有良好的干净实施,否则政策会消失,政府不会对其他产品类别施加相同的原则,”他说。几个全球技术giants—driven无论是需要满足自己的企业的规定,也需要在基层中带来变化的愿望India—supported他,包括MI印度,该国最大的智能手机和智能电视品牌。

Mi India与Karo Sambhav合作,帮助客户从家中拿起他们的电子废物,或者在全国各地的商店丢弃它。

“At Mi India, we believe that our focus should not only be on responsible recycling, but also on awareness generation. Karo Sambhav is creating awareness with schools and bulk consumers of electronic waste through awareness events. They are working very closely with the informal sector and helping them embrace the formal sector and they have succeeded in doing it,” says Prateik Das, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Lead, Mi India.

“但他们不能单独做到。所有利益攸关方,包括政府,品牌,客户,经销商,非正式部门,回收商和生产者责任组织(如Karo Sambhav)需要融入并建立一个自我持续的生态系统。根据目前的规则,收集和回收电子废物的整个责任仅在品牌上,因为这一点,最终结果并不总是如此令人印象深刻。“

Karo Sambhav.is present in 28 states and 3 union territories in the country today, where it has engaged with more than 500 companies and government institutions, 22,700 schools, 5,000 informal sector aggregators, and 800 repair shops.

Karo Sambhav.is present in 28 states and 3 union territories in the country today, where it has engaged with more than 500 companies and government institutions, 22,700 schools, 5,000 informal sector aggregators, and 800 repair shops.

Operations Manager Ashvinee Mawar撰写娱乐,如何在Singhal的Gurgaon公寓的客厅楼上开始进行这种庞大的操作的后勤计划。“我们2017年从新德里拿到的第一个系列只是400公斤。我们在午夜去了,因为这些市场在白天过于拥挤,“他回忆道。

Over the next year,Karo Sambhav.能够收集并发送约12,000公吨的电子废物来回收。在它没有办公室的地方,该组织已设置收集中心。较小的废物拾取器,它还适用于持有商品和服务税(GST)注册和制作和维护账单书籍的手。

电子废物是团队的试点项目,旨在为塑料浪费创造类似的循环经济。他们还试图激励人们能够作为一种生活方式回收。

与非正式网络密切合作的好处已经很明显。例如,Karo Sambhav的实地工作人员被邀请到Malik家族的婚礼。稳定的订单和付款已经给了小商人,这是一种推动的推动力,如充电器等其他种类的丢弃电子产品,而他的热情激起了Mustafabad的Scrap聚合器加入运动。

“这是一种更好的做事方式,”马利克说。“在我看来,这场运动将具有长寿。”

Ranjita Ganesan. is a journalist and researcher based in Mumbai.