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在Covid-19爆发期间了解有关远程工作,在线学校教育和社区支持的更多信息
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两个小女孩紧挨着坐在草地上一起看书

Students have a new, less stressful way to improve their reading — and it’s easier for teachers, too

Andres Villegas is a serious, quiet 11-year-old who has loved to read since he was 4 — especially Harry Potter and science fiction. But whenever he was asked to read aloud, his palms would get sweaty and he’d skip or mispronounce words, even ones he knew.

然后他的五年级老师发现了一个新的程序,让学生练习他们的口头阅读技巧。很快Andres大声朗读到一台隐形评估他识字的电脑,而不是让教师标记在纸上的错误,并且发现它是“实际上放松”,他说。“在镜头前,我不觉得强调。我觉得我不太分散注意力,我正在阅读更好 - 更清楚,而不是那么慢 - 我感到更加自信。“

这是一大百名学生所看到的发展,他们一直在寻找新功能,称为Reading Progress, which will be available for free in Microsoft Teams for Educators by the start of the next schoolyear in the U.S. It uses AI-enhanced evaluations to give teachers insight into students’ struggles and already has saved them hours each week that they’ve been able to put back into individualized instruction — to the benefit of their students, especially amid the disruptive pandemic.

男孩和女孩坐在一起看一本书
Andres Villegas reads to his cousin Camila Cardenas. (Photo by Earnie Grafton)

安德烈斯的老师珍妮弗·赛卡利·莫雷诺说:“这是老师们在管理、时间、效率和效果方面真正需要的东西。”去年秋天,她在远程教育期间迅速在其他老师中传播了这一信息,今年春天,她又在课堂上使用了阅读进度我会一直用这个。”

For Andres, the newfound confidence has turned him into a supportive leader among his classmates, his teacher says, and is extending beyond the classroom, too: He has started reading books to his little brother, who’s in first grade, as well as his 4-year-old cousin.

学习阅读的关键构件ife, and the practice of reading aloud is key to comprehension and empowerment.

“Employability, civic lives, social media, ways for our students to become advocates for themselves and others — it all starts with that foundation of literacy,” says Shaelynn Farnsworth, a reading expert and the News Literacy Project’s national director of educator outreach. “If you’re illiterate, you’re cut off from all those opportunities. That’s why reading is the No. 1 focus and at the forefront of education.”

Jose Garcia wished he’d had a program likeReading Progress在90年代初在洛杉矶成长。

Garcia是Fontana统一学区的教学技术支持专家,andres出席和Saikaly Moreno教师,曾出生于美国父母,他们从墨西哥移民并在家里说西班牙语。从一开始就他被洗了成西班牙语的课程,以及他所知道的几乎所有的孩子。他可以讲英语,但他说学校过于拥挤,他并没有得到很多读出大声的练习,这意味着他在搬进英语课程的测试中并没有做得好。

戴眼镜的一个人在一个晴天微笑
Jose Garcia
a woman smiles while sitting in a chair in front of a white board with colorful numbers
詹妮弗·赛卡利·莫雷诺

“I remember the fluency tests where they call you to the table, and the teacher’s assistant puts a timer on and you read, and they mark what you got wrong,” he says. “If this tech was around when I was growing up, I would have tested out earlier, and it would have set me up for better opportunities.”

在美国今天的大多数小学和中学,学生们常常阅读类似Garcia召回的测试。

They read a text to a teacher, who has a paper copy and marks any errors such as a mispronunciation or an omitted or inserted word. The teacher reviews the results to see what level pupils are reading at and what they’re struggling with and need to focus on — both individually and as a class. The assessments give insight into the students’ vocabulary and comprehension, in part by the cadence of their reading and whether they follow punctuation cues with pauses, phrasing and intonation.

两个女孩坐在一起看书
Brielle Taylor读到她妹妹Zoe。(照片由Scott Eklund / Red Box图片)

It’s a heavily time-intensive process, especially with larger classes, and the insights aren’t easily come by and can be outdated by the time they’re all tabulated. Kids find it stressful, too, and often clam up when they notice the teacher marking down their mistakes.

Mike Tholfsen, the product manager for Microsoft’s沉浸式阅读器特征,看到教师推特关于他们的挫折感,并在2018年聚集了他的团队为“一个巨大的头脑风暴会议”,从世界各地带来扫盲专家和教育工作者来概述问题。

“我们知道流利的阅读很重要,但这对老师来说是非常痛苦的,”Tholfsen回忆道他们讨厌这样做,这需要他们永远的时间,他们必须把孩子们拉到一个走廊里,那里的声音很大,而班上其他人都疯了,而他们在走廊里听和标记。孩子们不喜欢大声朗读,对许多人来说,这是一种耻辱“——挫折的清单很长。

“To get better at reading fluency, you need to read out loud and practice more — it’s a self-reinforcing thing,” he says. “But because it’s such a time suck, it’s like kids were only brushing their teeth a couple times a year instead of every day.”

Tholfsen pulled together a team including experts from all reading science methodologies to make sure the new feature would work regardless of the technique being used. Designers had to account for the difference in children’s voices, since voice-recognition software was created for adults, and for accents and colloquialisms — along with masks that can muffle dictation. And developers gave teachers control over the level of discretion, with the ability to change mistakes that get marked or even to turn off auto-detect and do their own evaluations of the videos.

威廉希尔体育官网微软最近获得了FlipGrid,是学生的社会学习平台。它的创始人Charlie Miller鼓励Tholfsen的团队将音频和视频组合起来,帮助教师觉得与学生更联系,让他们看看发生了什么 - 例如分心或口动运动 - 当错误被标记时。

When Tholfsen started running the prototype past teachers last year, “it resonated unbelievably and they wanted it now, for their whole school,” he says. “It was a Spidey-sense tingling feeling. We were on to something.”

boy stands leaning against a wall, holding a book
Andres Villegas enjoys reading to his little brother and younger cousins. (Photo by Earnie Grafton)

对佛罗里达一年级教师乔·梅里尔来说,这个新项目的实施时机再好不过了。

Since schools sent everyone home in March 2020 due to the pandemic, teachers had “a lot of catchup to do” last fall, says Merrill, who teaches foundational reading skills to 6- and 7-year-olds, helping them choppily sound out words at the beginning of the year until they’re smoothly reading whole sentences by the end. First grade is a big academic year, he says, with growth so fast the kids can jump 10 levels, whereas advancement slows to three or four levels a year by fourth grade. Frequent assessments are crucial to help him quickly adjust his instruction and adapt to the pace of the progress being made.

一个男人坐在学校门前微笑
Joe Merrill
一名妇女笑着站在围栏的花园附近
Liliya Petrovskaya.

Merrill将他的学生排列成五组,旨在每组每天听一个大声朗读,注意到他们的错误,以便在每周结束时有一个策划清单,帮助他在接下来选择适当的文本。

He started using Reading Progress at the beginning of this school year and says it has saved him five hours a week of class time, not to mention hours of work after class to review and assess.

“我可以将那个时间转向更加有针对性的指导,这是令人难以置信的价值,”Merrill说,他们的学生通过超过年度的预期超过四分之一的方式来惊讶他。“我们已经能够关闭这种差距并保持脚对加速器来确保我们陷入了困境。”

a woman walks holding hands with a little girl on each side of her
Brielle Taylor with her mother Lauren and little sister Zoe (Photo by Scott Eklund/Red Box Pictures)

In Tacoma, Washington, 9-year-old Brielle Taylor has jumped from a fourth-grade to sixth-grade reading fluency level since starting to use Reading Progress in February.

Brielle recalls completing a reading quiz recently and looking up at her mother, curious how she’d done.

“Mom made this expression, and I didn’t know if it was bad or good, because she just said ‘Whoa,’” Brielle says.

它结果是Brielle通过了她的“伸展增长目标”,除非他们曾经努力工作,否则学生通常不会见面,除非他们的母亲,劳伦泰勒恰好是学校的校长。

泰勒说:“用我妈妈的镜头看,我显然非常自豪。”但从主要的角度来看,我不确定科维德是否会有任何增长,因此看到她不仅实现了典型的增长,而且还超过了今年3月份的弹性增长目标,这是巨大的。”

Even Brielle’s little sister, 6-year-old Zoe, can hear the difference and now asks for Brielle, instead of their mother, to read to her every night before bed.

“She can read harder books now,” Zoe says, “even the new ones she got for Christmas.”

Brielle的老师Lilya Petrovskaya说,新的功能比旧的方法可以更快地反馈信息,这使得学生更具自我激励能力。

Petrovskaya assigns a text in Reading Progress to her class and gets the results within five minutes, she says, including words per minute and the accuracy rate. Then she goes through the evaluations on her own and spends the allotted one-on-one class time watching each student’s video with them and discussing it together. The process gives her time to reflect on each kid’s needs without classroom interruptions or the pressure of having to give feedback on the fly.

“When I meet with them now, there’s more quality to it and I can dig deeper with each student, instead of just saying, ‘You read this many words per minute and made these mistakes,’” Petrovskaya says. “And when they listen to themselves, it becomes more intrinsic. Kids naturally want to get better, and this taps into that. It takes the reins from me and gives control to the students over their learning, because they can see their mistakes themselves, and that has been super powerful and empowering for them.”

一个男人倾斜在一名在桌子上的笔记本电脑上的学生
Luis Oliveira将英语教授为第二语言30年。(由Oliveira提供的照片)

The Reading Progress insights empower educators as well, helping them teach students at all levels from kindergarten through adulthood.

Luis Oliveira,谁把英语称为第二语言30年来,令人震惊地看到“数学”这个词在阅读进步词云中作为他的高中课程中最大的问题。这个词以前从来没有是一个问题,但系统对几乎每个学生都标记了误用,而当Oliveira在文本中观看了这一点的视频 - 教师可以跳过某些单词或线条,因为他们回顾评估 - 他可以说即使是那些宣称它被正确犹豫不决的人。

Oliveira often assigns texts about American culture to his immigrant students, knowing they engage more when they’re interested in the subject matter. This schoolyear he chose a lot of articles about the COVID-19 virus and vaccines to help them understand discussions going on in their other classes. He suddenly realized he needed to diversify more.

“The word cloud and videos help target the problem areas much easier,” he says. “And if it helps the teachers help the students, then it’s a great thing.”


引领形象:Brielle Taylor读到她的小妹妹佐伊。(照片由Scott Eklund / Red Box图片)